Last Sunday, during a lull in an otherwise raucous Father’s Day celebration with family at his Danville, Virginia, 凯发官网网址多少home, Warrick Scott couldn’t help but think of the man who had set up this scene. As rain fell on Alabama and ultimately postponed the Nascar Cup race playing on TV in the background, Scott reached for a biography titled Hard Driving – an unvarnished account of the unrelenting racial prejudice his grandfather, the late Wendell Scott, suffered as the lone black driver competing at the highest levels of stock car racing in the 1960s and 70s.
With Talladega Superspeedway serving as the setting for Sunday’s race, Warrick jumped straight to the sections about Wendell’s own fraught history at Nascar’s fastest oval, lingered on the photo of his grandfather reluctantly shaking hands with Alabama’s segregationist governor George Wallace before a 1973 race, and glowered. “At some point,” mused Warrick, the CEO of an educational non-profit named for his grandfather, “someone’s gonna post that picture as a way to soften the ass kicking that white supremacists are getting right now.”
But before Warrick could take solace in redemption, his phone blew up with reports of a noose inside the team garage of Bubba Wallace, the only black driver currently at Nascar’s top level. When Warrick relayed the news to his father, Frank – a constant by Wendell’s side in those much harder days – all Frank could do was sigh. “Welcome to the club,” he said.
An investigation, concluded after the initial publication of this article, concluded the noose incident was not an instance of hate crime but it put a bold exclamation point on a race weekend that began with the Confederate flag figured prominently in a 24-car protest and a flyover of the track. The latter incident represents the strongest backlash yet to Wallace’s successful campaign for a Nascar-wide ban on the stars and bars.
Nascar’s leaders, for their part, said the perpetrator would be banished from the sport. But by far the most substantial show of support for Wallace came just before Monday’s restart of the Talladega race when an army of his fellow drivers escorted his No43 Chevrolet to the front of the grid in a scene that recalled the 1964 Norman Rockwell painting The Problem We All Live With. “That,” says Warrick Scott of Wallace’s one-car parade, “was a powerful moment.”
And yet: you can’t help but think that this spectacle never would have happened if Nascar had reckoned with its race problem while Wendell Scott was still driving.
Scott began his racing career in a rival stock car series called the Dixie Circuit in 1947, the same year Jackie Robinson crossed baseball’s color line. Back then Scott was the same age Bubba Wallace is now, 26, and coming off an Army stint in the second world war. And though Scott proved quick on that regional stage and in Nascar’s lower rungs, it would take another 14 years before his top-level break in the Grand National series arrived. Nascar founder Bill France struggled to reconcile his respect for Scott’s moxie and resourcefulness with his ambitious vision for the sport and the many Jim Crow whites who backed him.
Although fair to the driver in their one-on-one dealings, France did little to crack down on not least in his lone victory in 1963). What’s more, France went out of his way to cultivate a friendship with George Wallace, who counted the Klan among his core constituency, and whom France nonetheless viewed as a key rainmaker for Nascar’s expansion plans. When Wallace deigned to challenge President Lyndon Johnson in the 1964 Democratic primary, France featured Wallace at Nascar events, served as Wallace’s campaign chairman in Florida and gifted the governor free rides on his private planes to canvas the country. France’s reward for all that loyalty? Nascar’s longest oval, a monstrous 2.66-mile stretch of track in the east-central Alabama Piedmont called Talladega.
When Scott was forced into that awkward pit lane photo op there with Wallace the year was 1973. Scott’s day ended in a grisly multi-car crash on lap 10 that ultimately ended his 13-year career at the age of 51. But whereas Jackie Robinson was just the beginning of baseball’s integration wave, Scott was a blip. After him, some 13 years later, came Willy T Ribbs, a rightly cocky wheelman who wound up exploiting his talents in road racing. After Ribbs was Bill Lester, a dutiful truck driver who wound up making history as a sports car driver. Then, six years later, came Wallace, whose Nascar career is already half as long as those of Ribbs and Lester combined.
Four black drivers, all of them disrespected because of their skin color in one way or another, all but Wallace tarrying at the outermost reaches of the sport. That’s the list. That’s all Nascar has to show for its 72-year history. Given that glacial rate of change, it makes sense that all of these men had to endure Confederate flag displays on top of other forms of bigotry. It makes sense that Nascar would think a grand ban on the Confederate flag could chasten a generation of intolerant fans or erase equally expedient relationships with George Wallace and Donald Trump. It makes sense that Nascar’s C-suite execs would be caught off guard by the backlash to the flag ban when there are no black executives in senior leadership around to walk these white folk through how racism works. And it makes sense that Nascar would wait for a pandemic and a reckoning on anti-black racism to sweep the globe before finally coming to grips with the systemic whitewashing at the heart of the sport.
For all of the solidarity that Nascar’s inner sanctum showed in their support of Bubba Wallace on Monday, they better know that this is just the beginning. The crowds are going to get bigger as the circus moves on to Bristol, Daytona and Darlington – where races started with a Confederate flag once upon a time. All the while Wallace will have to face the brunt of Nascar’s legacy of “Southern Pride” alone. And as much as some may be inclined to dismiss his plight as the cost of standing up to injustice, be clear: if Nascar hadn’t been so keen to take the path of least resistance in the past, Wallace never would have been forced down this hard road in the first place.
This article was amended on 23 June 2020 to reflect the fact that, following publication, the FBI concluded Bubba Wallace was not a victim of a hate crime.